In 1999, the United States Supreme Court issued its decision in Olmstead v. L.C. indicating states could not legally require people with disabilities to remain institutionalized in order to receive health care services. The Court ruled that this unjustified isolation is discrimination based on disability. Following that ruling, each state must address the issue of assuring home and community-based care for people with disabilities.
The right to live in the most integrated community setting appropriate to the needs of people with disabilities;
The right of people to leave institutions and receive home and community-based services;
An individual, client directed support plan written and updated regularly;
Access to, and purchase of, self-directed care providers and selection of community supports;
Identification, assessment and prioritization of the need for services from the spectrum of people with disabilities presently residing in institutions;
Training for consumers, families, advocates, community support networks and other identified stakeholders.
- DC: One Community for All - The Olmstead Community Integration Initiative
- DC: One Community for All [PDF]