What Is Olmstead?
In 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law, prohibiting state and local governments from discriminating against people with disabilities by excluding them from participating in, or receiving benefits from, government services, programs, or activities. The ADA requires state and local governments to administer services, programs, and activities in the most integrated setting appropriate to the needs of qualified individuals with disabilities. This is often called the ADA’s “Integration mandate.”
The first case to challenge this integration mandate was, Olmstead v. L.C., in which the Supreme Court ruled that people with disabilities have the right to live and receive care in the community rather than in an institutional setting. In this 1999 decision, the Supreme Court also indicated that states could have a “comprehensive, effective working plan” to demonstrate compliance with the ADA’s integration mandate. These plans are often referred to as “Olmstead plans.”
Under Olmstead, states must demonstrate that they are able to provide services to people with disabilities in integrated settings, within certain limits:
- the person must want community-based services;
- the person’s treatment team must consider community-based services appropriate;
- and it must be reasonable to accommodate the community-based services, taking into account state resources and the needs of others with disabilities.
Olmstead Planning in the District of Columbia
The Olmstead Working Group was developed with the advice and recommendations of ODR and other agencies serving people with disabilities. The Group is comprised of representatives from District agencies as well as community stakeholders, including people with disabilities and advocates for people with disabilities. Together, the Working Group advises District Government agencies on what the Plan should look like and what the priorities should be.
The 2020 Olmstead Plan will be a three-year Plan that will focus on the priorities of housing, healthcare, and employment. The Plan serves three purposes:
- It will track the number of District residents who transition to the community from long term care utilizing DC Government supports and services.
- It will highlight District government programs and policies that assist people with transitioning from long-term care into the community.
- It will serve as a guide for a person in transition to let them know about services available to them under these three priorities.
In light of the District's current COVID-19 response, all in-person meetings of the Olmstead Community Integration Working Group have been postponed until further notice and will resume when it is safe to do so. However, ODR welcomes your thoughts on the District's next Olmstead Plan. Send an e-mail to [email protected] and/or [email protected] or call Attorney Advisor Jessica Hunt at 202-702-7213.
Printable Version of Plans and Summaries:
2020 Olmstead Working Group Minutes: https://odr.dc.gov/page/2020-olmstead-working-group-meeting-minutes-and-documents
2020 Olmstead Community Townhall Materials--April 28, 2020: https://odr.dc.gov/page/olmstead-community-townhall-meeting-materials-april-28-2020
2019 Agency Quarterly Reports: https://odr.dc.gov/page/2019-olmstead-agency-quarterly-reports
2018 Agency Quarterly Reports and Plan Amendments: https://odr.dc.gov/page/2018-olmstead-quarterly-reports-and-plan-amendments
2017 Agency Quarterly Reports: http://odr.dc.gov/page/2017-olmstead-agency-quarterly-reports
2016 Olmstead Plan and Appendices:http://odr.dc.gov/page/016-olmstead-plan-and-appendices
2016 Olmstead Working Group Meeting Minutes: http://odr.dc.gov/page/dc-olmstead-working-group-meeting-minutes
2016 Agency Quarterly Reports: http://odr.dc.gov/page/2016-agency-quarterly-reports
2015 Calendar Year Annual Summary: http://odr.dc.gov/page/dc-one-community-all-2015-annual-summary
2015 Calendar Year Agency Olmstead Goals: http://odr.dc.gov/page/2015-calendar-year-agency-olmstead-goals
2015 Olmstead Plan Addendum: http://odr.dc.gov/page/2015-olmstead-community-integration-plan-and-addendum
2015 Agency Quarterly Reports: http://odr.dc.gov/page/olmstead-community-integration-quarterly-reports
2014 Agency Goal Summary: http://odr.dc.gov/release/odr-releases-dc-one-community-all-fy-14-agency-goal-summary
2013 Fiscal Year Olmstead Plan : http://odr.dc.gov/release/dc-office-disability-rights-releases-dc-one-community-all-fy-2013-olmstead-community